The Comprehensive SAP EDI Guide


Overview of EDI

Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is an electronic method of exchanging business data such as invoices, purchase orders, and shipping documents between two or more companies. EDI is a secure, paperless way of transferring data between organizations, and is used in virtually every industry.


History of EDI

The history of Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) dates back to the late 1960s, when the United States Department of Defense (DoD) began to explore the potential of using automated data exchange systems to streamline its supply chain processes. By the mid-1970s, EDI technology had reached the commercial sector.


EDI Document Standards

EDI document formats are structured data standards used to electronically transfer data from one computer system to another. The data or business documents to be transported in an EDI process are first converted into a standard EDI format that can be read and transmitted by transport protocols (receiver and sender). This enables business partners to exchange documents all over the world. With EDI, these documents can be transferred as easily as in their own ERP system.

  • ANSI X12
  • VDA
  • XML


Advantages of EDI

Electronic Data Interchange offers a variety of advantages for businesses, including cost savings, improved accuracy, and faster processing times. EDI streamlines the data exchange process, eliminating manual data entry and reducing the potential for errors.



SAP aids EDI functionality through Intermediate documents (IDOCS). An IDOC is an intermediate document that is used to transmits data from one system to another. It is an electronic document sent from one system to another in a standard format. IDOCs are used for Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) between business partners and SAP systems.


What are Outbound and Inbound EDI Processes in SAP?

Outbound EDI processes in SAP involve the sending of data from an SAP system to an external trading partner. This process is used to make orders, send confirmations and invoices, and exchange other documents.


How to Implement EDI with SAP PO?

  1. Install the EDI add-on for SAP PO: Before you can implement EDI with SAP PO, you must install the EDI add-on for SAP PO. This add-on contains the necessary libraries and tools to perform EDI-specific functions.
  2. Set up the EDI system: After the add-on is installed, the EDI system must be set up in SAP PO. This includes setting up communication channels, creating partner profiles, and defining the EDI message types that will be used.


EDI with SAP Integration Suite

EDI integration with SAP Integration Suite® can be achieved through the SAP Cloud Platform Integration Suite. This suite provides powerful integration capabilities with a range of technologies and standards, including EDI.


SAP EDI Consulting

We offer an end-to-end SAP EDI consulting service, with our expert integration team working with you to make sure your business can easily interface with other companies using EDI.

Our consultants have vast experience in implementing integration solutions with a number of different EDI standards and systems including X12, UN/EDIFACT, HL7 and other custom solutions. We also offer a range of managed services including ongoing support and maintenance, software development, testing and training.


Read more on the e-book.👇

The Comprehensive SAP EDI Guide
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