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An Overview of the Most Important SAP Modules

SAP, which stands for System Analysis and Program Development, is the name of a company and software founded by 5 friends who left IBM in June 1972. The SAP, which is a world leader among enterprise resource planning (ERP) software, has enabled the most efficiently managers of the companies in different scale to date.

SAP software; It has different modules developed in accordance with the needs in different fields such as finance, HR, sales, inventory management and quality control. Let's take an overview of a few of the SAP development modules together.

  • SAP Financial Accounting (FI)
  • SAP Controlling (CO):
  • SAP Sales and Distribution (SD)
  • SAP Production Planning (PP)
  • SAP Materials Management (MM)
  • SAP Quality Management (QM)
  • SAP Human Capital Management (HCM)

SAP Financial Accounting (FI) Module

The SAP FI module covers the part related to the management of financial transactions in enterprises and is the most used module among hundreds of SAP modules. The priority reason for this is that, unlike other SAP modules, it can be used in all sectors. There is no industry limit, nor does the scale of the company restrict usage. All small, medium and large sized companies can use this module. One of its most important features is that it does not need SAP ERP for its use. SAP FI module can be integrated into any ERP system.

It helps finance department employees manage their data related to any financial and business transaction through a unified system. SAP FI is a flexible module and works very well when it comes to reporting requirements and economics. The Financial Accounting module helps a business to obtain its real-time financial status in the market. SAP FI is combined with other SAP modules such as SAP SD, SAP MM, SAP PP and more for better working results.

SAP Controlling (CO): Management Accounting and Control Module

The SAP CO module is another important SAP module offered to businesses. The control module supports the process studies of the planning, reporting and monitoring operations of the enterprises. It includes methods for viewing and arranging costs required for financial reporting. The control module enables a person to plan, monitor, perform and report costs. Control includes cost elements, cost centers, profit centers, internal orders and functional area etc. It includes managing and configuring master data covering. Cost and Profitability analyzes are of great importance for all companies, so the SAP CO module is a module that all sectors need.

SAP Sales and Distribution (SD) Module

The SAP SD module manages all transactions, from inquiries, quotes, pricing and more. The module greatly simplifies inventory control and management. With the SD module, pricing conditions are defined, credit and risk management is performed, bid tracking and customer contracts are managed.

SAP Materials Management (MM) Module

The SAP MM module, as the term suggests, manages the materials required, processed and produced in businesses. With this system, different supply processes are managed. Some of the popular sub-components in the SAP MM module are vendor master data, consumption-based planning, purchasing, inventory management, invoice verification, etc.

SAP MM is part of the logistics functions and helps manage an organization's procurement activities. It supports all aspects of material management (planning, control, etc.). It is the backbone of logistics, which includes modules such as Sales and Distribution, Production Planning, Factory Maintenance, Project Systems and Warehouse Management.

SAP Quality Management (QM) Module

SAP QM module assists in quality management in productions throughout processes in an organization. This quality management module helps an organization accelerate their business by adopting a structured and functional way of managing quality across different processes. SAP QM module, procurement and sales, production, planning, inspection, notification, control, audit management etc. cooperates on issues. SAP QM performs the following basic functions in the production of goods:

  • Quality Planning
  • Quality Notices
  • Quality Inspection

SAP Human Capital Management (HCM) Module

The SAP HCM module improves the business process and data management in the HR department of enterprises. From hiring a person to evaluating the person's performance, managing promotions, salaries, managing payroll and other related activities of an HR are handled using this module. The task of managing the details and task flow of the most important resource, namely the human resource, is managed using this SAP ERP HCM module.

SAP continues its journey, which started with a small team of five, today with more than 440,000 customers in 180 countries. If you want to be a part of this adventure with our SAP consultancy services that we provide with our expert staff and our SAP compatible solutions that will accelerate your digital transformation process, you can contact us.


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