What is Situation Handling?

SAP S/4HANA offers a new feature called "Situation Handling" which is designed to manage and address specific business situations that require attention or intervention. It is aiming to streamline business processes by providing timely and context-aware notifications to the relevant stakeholders. Situation Handling consists of two types of framework that can be applied in parallel: Standard Framework and Extended Framework. They can be used in many different applications, from notifying users about, for example, upcoming deadlines, delays, expiring contracts, specific MRP exceptions and so on. Users are informed about situations as notifications on SAP Fiori launchpad or displayed in Fiori apps and via e-mail if enabled.

Choosing Between Standard and Extended Framework;


  • Use when the out-of-the-box features meet the requirements.
  • Ideal for quick adoption and straightforward scenarios.


  • Choose when customization is necessary.
  • Tailor Situation Handling to match the organization’s unique processes.

In summary, the Standard Framework provides ready-to-use features, while the Extended Framework allows for customization and flexibility. Organizations can decide based on their specific needs and complexity of business situations. 

extended framework

Benefits of Situation Handling

  • Proactive Issue Management: Early detection and real-time alerts enable prompt resolution of potential issues.
  • Increased Efficiency: Automated monitoring reduces manual checks, streamlining operations.
  • Improved Decision-Making: Provides actionable insights and relevant context for informed decisions.
  • Compliance and Risk Management: Ensures adherence to regulations and mitigates risks by flagging potential issues.
  • Operational Transparency: Enhances visibility and clear communication, fostering accountability and informed management.

Situation Types

Template (Standard) Situation Type

The standard framework processes object-based situations using situation templates provided by SAP. These situations pertain to specific business objects, such as contracts, service orders, invoices, materials, and more. Every standard object-based situation can have just one trigger and is configurable through the Manage Situation Types app

Template Situation Type Example: BILLING DOCUMENT NOT POSTED

billing document not posted

This situation type is designed to alert users when a billing document in the SAP system has not been posted, which could indicate a problem that needs immediate attention to ensure accurate financial reporting and timely revenue recognition.

Configuration Steps

  1. Access the Manage Situation Types App: Go to the SAP Fiori launchpad and open the Manage Situation Types app.
  2. Select Template: Choose the "Billing Document Not Posted" template from the list of standard situation types provided by SAP.
  3. Define Parameters: Configure the parameters such as the time period within which a billing document must be posted and specify the conditions under which the alert should be triggered.
  4. Set Up Notifications: Define who should be notified when the situation is triggered. This could include specific users or roles within the organization.
  5. Activate the Situation Type: Once configured, activate the situation type so that the system starts monitoring the specified conditions.

Custom Situation Type

Custom Situations in SAP work by allowing users to define and monitor specific conditions on business objects beyond the standard templates provided by SAP.

How It Works?

  1. Define Custom Situation Types: Users create custom situation types tailored to specific business needs.
  2. Specify Conditions and Triggers: Define the specific conditions and triggers for these situations, detailing what events or data changes will initiate an alert.
  3. Configure Actions and Notifications: Set up the actions that should be taken when a situation is triggered, such as sending notifications to relevant users or initiating workflows.
  4. Monitoring and Alerting: The system continuously monitors the defined conditions. When a condition is met, it triggers the custom situation, and the specified actions are executed.
  5. Resolution and Tracking: Users are alerted and can take appropriate action to resolve the situation. The system tracks these situations for reporting and analysis.

This customization capability enables businesses to address unique scenarios and improve responsiveness and efficiency.

Custom Situation Type Example:

Custom Invoice Alert: Create a situation type that triggers an alert if an invoice remains unpaid for more than 30 days.

Custom Situation Type Example

The Manage Situation Types - Extended app provides a single point-of-entry for the configuration of message-based and object-based situations in the extended framework of Situation Handling. With this app people can use additional features for message-based situations, such as notifications for the users responsible for situations.

In summary, Situation Handling is a powerful framework designed to enhance proactive management of business processes. By leveraging both predefined template situation types and customizable options, organizations can monitor critical scenarios, receive timely alerts, and take appropriate actions to mitigate risks and resolve issues efficiently. This capability not only improves operational efficiency and compliance but also ensures better decision-making and enhances overall business performance. Through tailored notifications and actionable insights, Situation Handling empowers organizations to address their unique challenges and drive continuous improvement.


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